Social Climate and SDGs in BiH

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Assoc. Prof. Dr. Aliye F. Mataraci, Dean of Faculty of Law, participated in the Social Responsibility and Sustainable Development course newly initiated by Assistant Prof. Dr. Özge Büyükdağlı. The aim of the course is to introduce students to the concept of sustainability and develop awareness of modern trends and developments in society. Dean Mataraci, after introducing the World Social Capital Monitor which is a project within the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals (SDG) Partnerships, shared the results for Bosnia and Herzegovina, followed by a fruitful discussion with students.   

The International University of Sarajevo has been an active partner of the World Social Capital Monitor since the signing of the agreement between Dr. Alexander Dill, on behalf of the Director of the Basel Institute of Commons and Economics and Assoc. Prof. Dr. Aliye F. Mataraci, Dean of Faculty of Law, on behalf of the International University of Sarajevo (IUS) on May 17, 2018. Through this cooperation agreement, both parties agreed to establish an agenda of cooperation aiming to implement joint-initiatives with a specific focus on the World Social Capital Monitor, which is a worldwide open access Social Capital Survey for citizens and the property of Basel Institute of Commons and Economics.

The World Social Capital Monitor is selected for the SDGs: 8 (Decent Work and Economic Growth), 10 (Reduced Inequalities), 11 (Sustainable Cities and Communities) and 16 (Peace, Justice and Strong Institutions). Timelines have been provided for eight social goods (climate, trust, measures, taxes, invest, helpfulness, friendliness, hospitality) in Bosnia Herzegovina and now, they set the base to implement the cross-national Western Balkans Social Goods Monitor in 2022. While all 17 SDGs first depend on social goods, assessing and enhancing social goods is one of the few approaches to addressing all the 17 SDG Goals in one.

The results of the World Social Capital Monitor 2021, which presents results for 177 African Cities, including 400 qualitative comments from the respondents, and case studies for towns in Afghanistan, Albania, Bangladesh, Brazil, Cape Verde, Chile, Ethiopia, Germany, Montenegro, Nepal, North Macedonia, Pakistan, Serbia and Bosnia Herzegovina, has been released this week: https://sustainabledevelopment.un.org/content/documents/commitments/3914_11706_commitment_300_Cities_and_their_social_goods_to_achieve_the_SDGs.pdf

Based on the results for Bosnia and Herzegovina, it is possible to observe a decrease in the average values for all social goods between 2018 and 2021. When we compare the Sarajevo 2021 average with the Sarajevo 2018 average, we see a decrease in the average values for all social goods other than the category of the willingness to invest in national and regional assets, where a slight increase of 0.06 can be observed. Hence, it is possible to conclude that the willingness to invest continued despite the Pandemic 2020.

Comparing the Sarajevo 2021 average with the Sarajevo 2020 average, it is possible to observe a drastic decrease in the average values for all social goods. A possible explanation for the decrease in all social goods between 2020 and 2021 in Sarajevo can be the impact of the Pandemic 2020. The values for helpfulness, friendliness and hospitality appear to be higher than the values for other categories both in Sarajevo and Bosnia and Herzegovina between 2018 and 2021.

 

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