The team of the Faculty of Engineering and Natural Sciences (FENS) at the International University of Sarajevo (IUS), led by Prof. Dr. Muhamed Hadžiabdić, will work on the project "Exploring the Impact of the Shape, Height, and Mutual Position of Buildings on the Efficiency of Outdoor Ventilation and Air Quality." In collaboration with the Institute for Development Planning of Canton Sarajevo, the project aims to examine the influence of the shape and height of buildings, as well as their mutual positions, on the efficiency of outdoor ventilation and consequently on the air quality.
The research focuses on understanding the physics of airflow in real conditions around the building(s) and the impact that buildings of different shapes and heights have on the efficiency of outdoor ventilation at the micro and local scales. Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) will be used in the research, along with specialized computational codes and advanced models of airflow and turbulence.
The research addresses the following questions:
- How does the shape and height of the building affect the efficiency of outdoor ventilation in spaces at micro and local scales?
- What correlation exists between the shape and height of the building and the size of poorly ventilated zones in outdoor areas?
- How does the mutual position of buildings affect the quality of outdoor ventilation at micro and local scales?
- What are the practical guidelines for building construction in the Sarajevo valley concerning outdoor ventilation?
Based on scientific evidence, this research can help establish the best building construction practices in Canton Sarajevo that ensure the least possible negative impact on the outdoor ventilation of urban spaces.
The project is supported by the Ministry of Education, Science, and Youth of Sarajevo Canton through a Public Call for co-financing scientific research/artistic research/research and development projects and programs from the Budget of Canton Sarajevo for the year 2023.